Hints will display for most wrong answers; explanations for most right answers. You can attempt a question multiple times; it will only be scored correct if you get it right the first time.
I used the official objectives and sample test to construct these questions, but cannot promise that they accurately reflect what’s on the real test. Some of the sample questions were more convoluted than I could bear to write. See terms of use. See the MTEL Practice Test main page to view questions on a particular topic or to download paper practice tests.
MTEL General Curriculum Mathematics Practice
Question 1 
M is a multiple of 26. Which of the following cannot be true?
M is odd.Hint: All multiples of 26 are also multiples of 2, so they must be even.  
M is a multiple of 3.Hint: 3 x 26 is a multiple of both 3 and 26.  
M is 26.Hint: 1 x 26 is a multiple of 26.  
M is 0.Hint: 0 x 26 is a multiple of 26. 
Question 2 
An aboveground swimming pool is in the shape of a regular hexagonal prism, is one meter high, and holds 65 cubic meters of water. A second pool has a base that is also a regular hexagon, but with sides twice as long as the sides in the first pool. This second pool is also one meter high. How much water will the second pool hold?
\( \large 65\text{ }{{\text{m}}^{3}}\) Hint: A bigger pool would hold more water.  
\( \large 65\cdot 2\text{ }{{\text{m}}^{3}}\) Hint: Try a simpler example, say doubling the sides of the base of a 1 x 1 x 1 cube.  
\( \large 65\cdot 4\text{ }{{\text{m}}^{3}}\) Hint: If we think of the pool as filled with 1 x 1 x 1 cubes (and some fractions of cubes), then scaling to the larger pool changes each 1 x 1 x 1 cube to a 2 x 2 x 1 prism, or multiplies volume by 4.  
\( \large 65\cdot 8\text{ }{{\text{m}}^{3}}\) Hint: Try a simpler example, say doubling the sides of the base of a 1 x 1 x 1 cube. 
Question 3 
Exactly one of the numbers below is a prime number. Which one is it?
\( \large511 \) Hint: Divisible by 7.  
\( \large517\) Hint: Divisible by 11.  
\( \large519\) Hint: Divisible by 3.  
\( \large521\) 
Question 4 
What is the length of side \(\overline{BD}\) in the triangle below, where \(\angle DBA\) is a right angle?
\( \large 1\) Hint: Use the Pythagorean Theorem.  
\( \large \sqrt{5}\) Hint: \(2^2+e^2=3^2\) or \(4+e^2=9;e^2=5; e=\sqrt{5}\).  
\( \large \sqrt{13}\) Hint: e is not the hypotenuse.  
\( \large 5\) Hint: Use the Pythagorean Theorem. 
Question 5 
Each individual cube that makes up the rectangular solid depicted below has 6 inch sides. What is the surface area of the solid in square feet?
\( \large 11\text{ f}{{\text{t}}^{2}}\) Hint: Check your units and make sure you're using feet and inches consistently.  
\( \large 16.5\text{ f}{{\text{t}}^{2}}\) Hint: Each square has surface area \(\dfrac{1}{2} \times \dfrac {1}{2}=\dfrac {1}{4}\) sq feet. There are 9 squares on the top and bottom, and 12 on each of 4 sides, for a total of 66 squares. 66 squares \(\times \dfrac {1}{4}\) sq feet/square =16.5 sq feet.  
\( \large 66\text{ f}{{\text{t}}^{2}}\) Hint: The area of each square is not 1.  
\( \large 2376\text{ f}{{\text{t}}^{2}}\) Hint: Read the question more carefully  the answer is supposed to be in sq feet, not sq inches.

Question 6 
In the triangle below, \(\overline{AC}\cong \overline{AD}\cong \overline{DE}\) and \(m\angle CAD=100{}^\circ \). What is \(m\angle DAE\)?
\( \large 20{}^\circ \) Hint: Angles ACD and ADC are congruent since they are base angles of an isosceles triangle. Since the angles of a triangle sum to 180, they sum to 80, and they are 40 deg each. Thus angle ADE is 140 deg, since it makes a straight line with angle ADC. Angles DAE and DEA are base angles of an isosceles triangle and thus congruent they sum to 40 deg, so are 20 deg each.  
\( \large 25{}^\circ \) Hint: If two sides of a triangle are congruent, then it's isosceles, and the base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal.  
\( \large 30{}^\circ \) Hint: If two sides of a triangle are congruent, then it's isosceles, and the base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal.  
\( \large 40{}^\circ \) Hint: Make sure you're calculating the correct angle. 
Question 7 
Which of the following is equal to eleven billion four hundred thousand?
\( \large 11,400,000\) Hint: That's eleven million four hundred thousand.  
\(\large11,000,400,000\)  
\( \large11,000,000,400,000\) Hint: That's eleven trillion four hundred thousand (although with British conventions; this answer is correct, but in the US, it isn't).  
\( \large 11,400,000,000\) Hint: That's eleven billion four hundred million 
Question 8 
The American€™s with Disabilties Act (ADA) regulations state that the maximum slope for a wheelchair ramp in new construction is 1:12, although slopes between 1:16 and 1:20 are preferred. The maximum rise for any run is 30 inches. The graph below shows the rise and runs of four different wheelchair ramps. Which ramp is in compliance with the ADA regulations for new construction?
AHint: Rise is more than 30 inches.  
BHint: Run is almost 24 feet, so rise can be almost 2 feet.  
CHint: Run is 12 feet, so rise can be at most 1 foot.  
DHint: Slope is 1:10  too steep. 
Question 9 
The first histogram shows the average life expectancies for women in different countries in Africa in 1998; the second histogram gives similar data for Europe:
How much bigger is the range of the data for Africa than the range of the data for Europe?
0 yearsHint: Range is the maximum life expectancy minus the minimum life expectancy.  
12 yearsHint: Are you subtracting frequencies? Range is about values of the data, not frequency.  
18 yearsHint: It's a little hard to read the graph, but it doesn't matter if you're consistent. It looks like the range for Africa is 8038= 42 years and for Europe is 8864 = 24; 4224=18.  
42 yearsHint: Read the question more carefully. 
Question 10 
Use the graph below to answer the question that follows:
The graph above best matches which of the following scenarios:
George left home at 10:00 and drove to work on a crooked path. He was stopped in traffic at 10:30 and 10:45. He drove 30 miles total.Hint: Just because he ended up 30 miles from home doesn't mean he drove 30 miles total.  
George drove to work. On the way to work there is a little hill and a big hill. He slowed down for them. He made it to work at 11:15.Hint: The graph is not a picture of the roads.  
George left home at 10:15. He drove 10 miles, then realized he‘d forgotten something at home. He turned back and got what he‘d forgotten. Then he drove in a straight line, at many different speeds, until he got to work around 11:15.Hint: A straight line on a distance versus time graph means constant speed.  
George left home at 10:15. He drove 10 miles, then realized he‘d forgotten something at home. He turned back and got what he‘d forgotten. Then he drove at a constant speed until he got to work around 11:15. 
Question 11 
A family went on a long car trip. Below is a graph of how far they had driven at each hour.
Which of the following is closest to their average speed driving on the trip?
\( \large d=20t\) Hint: Try plugging t=7 into the equation, and see how it matches the graph.  
\( \large d=30t\) Hint: Try plugging t=7 into the equation, and see how it matches the graph.  
\( \large d=40t\)  
\( \large d=50t\) Hint: Try plugging t=7 into the equation, and see how it matches the graph. 
Question 12 
AHint: \(\frac{34}{135} \approx \frac{1}{4}\) and \( \frac{53}{86} \approx \frac {2}{3}\). \(\frac {1}{4}\) of \(\frac {2}{3}\) is small and closest to A.  
BHint: Estimate with simpler fractions.  
CHint: Estimate with simpler fractions.  
DHint: Estimate with simpler fractions. 
Question 13 
Use the expression below to answer the question that follows.
\(\large \dfrac{\left( 155 \right)\times \left( 6,124 \right)}{977}\)
Which of the following is the best estimate of the expression above?
100Hint: 6124/977 is approximately 6.  
200Hint: 6124/977 is approximately 6.  
1,000Hint: 6124/977 is approximately 6. 155 is approximately 150, and \( 6 \times 150 = 3 \times 300 = 900\), so this answer is closest.  
2,000Hint: 6124/977 is approximately 6. 
Question 14 
A biology class requires a lab fee, which is a whole number of dollars, and the same amount for all students. On Monday the instructor collected $70 in fees, on Tuesday she collected $126, and on Wednesday she collected $266. What is the largest possible amount the fee could be?
$2Hint: A possible fee, but not the largest possible fee. Check the other choices to see which are factors of all three numbers.  
$7Hint: A possible fee, but not the largest possible fee. Check the other choices to see which are factors of all three numbers.  
$14Hint: This is the greatest common factor of 70, 126, and 266.  
$70Hint: Not a factor of 126 or 266, so couldn't be correct. 
Question 15 
A map has a scale of 3 inches = 100 miles. Cities A and B are 753 miles apart. Let d be the distance between the two cities on the map. Which of the following is not correct?
\( \large \dfrac{3}{100}=\dfrac{d}{753}\) Hint: Units on both side are inches/mile, and both numerators and denominators correspond  this one is correct.  
\( \large \dfrac{3}{100}=\dfrac{753}{d}\) Hint: Unit on the left is inches per mile, and on the right is miles per inch. The proportion is set up incorrectly (which is what we wanted). Another strategy is to notice that one of A or B has to be the answer because they cannot both be correct proportions. Then check that cross multiplying on A gives part D, so B is the one that is different from the other 3.  
\( \large \dfrac{3}{d}=\dfrac{100}{753}\) Hint: Unitless on each side, as inches cancel on the left and miles on the right. Numerators correspond to the map, and denominators to the real life distances  this one is correct.  
\( \large 100d=3\cdot 753\) Hint: This is equivalent to part A. 
Question 16 
Which of the following is equivalent to \( \dfrac{3}{4}\dfrac{1}{8}+\dfrac{2}{8}\times \dfrac{1}{2}?\)
\( \large \dfrac{7}{16}\) Hint: Multiplication comes before addition and subtraction in the order of operations.  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{2}\) Hint: Addition and subtraction are of equal priority in the order of operations  do them left to right.  
\( \large \dfrac{3}{4}\) Hint: \( \dfrac{3}{4}\dfrac{1}{8}+\dfrac{2}{8}\times \dfrac{1}{2}\)=\( \dfrac{3}{4}\dfrac{1}{8}+\dfrac{1}{8}\)=\( \dfrac{3}{4}+\dfrac{1}{8}+\dfrac{1}{8}\)=\( \dfrac{3}{4}\)  
\( \large \dfrac{3}{16}\) Hint: Multiplication comes before addition and subtraction in the order of operations. 
Question 17 
The expression \( \large {{7}^{4}}\cdot {{8}^{6}}\) is equal to which of the following?
\( \large \dfrac{8}{{{\left( 56 \right)}^{4}}}\) Hint: The bases are whole numbers, and the exponents are negative. How can the numerator be 8?  
\( \large \dfrac{64}{{{\left( 56 \right)}^{4}}}\) Hint: The bases are whole numbers, and the exponents are negative. How can the numerator be 64?  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{8\cdot {{\left( 56 \right)}^{4}}}\) Hint: \(8^{6}=8^{4} \times 8^{2}\)  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{64\cdot {{\left( 56 \right)}^{4}}}\) 
Question 18 
What is the least common multiple of 540 and 216?
\( \large{{2}^{5}}\cdot {{3}^{6}}\cdot 5\) Hint: This is the product of the numbers, not the LCM.  
\( \large{{2}^{3}}\cdot {{3}^{3}}\cdot 5\) Hint: One way to solve this is to factor both numbers: \(540=2^2 \cdot 3^3 \cdot 5\) and \(216=2^3 \cdot 3^3\). Then for each prime that's a factor of either number, use the largest exponent that appears in one of the factorizations. You can also take the product of the two numbers divided by their GCD.  
\( \large{{2}^{2}}\cdot {{3}^{3}}\cdot 5\) Hint: 216 is a multiple of 8.  
\( \large{{2}^{2}}\cdot {{3}^{2}}\cdot {{5}^{2}}\) Hint: Not a multiple of 216 and not a multiple of 540. 
Question 19 
The least common multiple of 60 and N is 1260. Which of the following could be the prime factorization of N?
\( \large2\cdot 5\cdot 7\) Hint: 1260 is divisible by 9 and 60 is not, so N must be divisible by 9 for 1260 to be the LCM.  
\( \large{{2}^{3}}\cdot {{3}^{2}}\cdot 5 \cdot 7\) Hint: 1260 is not divisible by 8, so it isn't a multiple of this N.  
\( \large3 \cdot 5 \cdot 7\) Hint: 1260 is divisible by 9 and 60 is not, so N must be divisible by 9 for 1260 to be the LCM.  
\( \large{{3}^{2}}\cdot 5\cdot 7\) Hint: \(1260=2^2 \cdot 3^2 \cdot 5 \cdot 7\) and \(60=2^2 \cdot 3 \cdot 5\). In order for 1260 to be the LCM, N has to be a multiple of \(3^2\) and of 7 (because 60 is not a multiple of either of these). N also cannot introduce a factor that would require the LCM to be larger (as in choice b). 
Question 20 
What is the greatest common factor of 540 and 216?
\( \large{{2}^{2}}\cdot {{3}^{3}}\) Hint: One way to solve this is to factor both numbers: \(540=2^2 \cdot 3^3 \cdot 5\) and \(216=2^3 \cdot 3^3\). Then take the smaller power for each prime that is a factor of both numbers.  
\( \large2\cdot 3\) Hint: This is a common factor of both numbers, but it's not the greatest common factor.  
\( \large{{2}^{3}}\cdot {{3}^{3}}\) Hint: \(2^3 = 8\) is not a factor of 540.  
\( \large{{2}^{2}}\cdot {{3}^{2}}\) Hint: This is a common factor of both numbers, but it's not the greatest common factor. 
Question 21 
Given that 10 cm is approximately equal to 4 inches, which of the following expressions models a way to find out approximately how many inches are equivalent to 350 cm?
\( \large 350\times \left( \dfrac{10}{4} \right)\) Hint: The final result should be smaller than 350, and this answer is bigger.  
\( \large 350\times \left( \dfrac{4}{10} \right)\) Hint: Dimensional analysis can help here: \(350 \text{cm} \times \dfrac{4 \text{in}}{10 \text{cm}}\). The cm's cancel and the answer is in inches.  
\( \large (104) \times 350
\) Hint: This answer doesn't make much sense. Try with a simpler example (e.g. 20 cm not 350 cm) to make sure that your logic makes sense.  
\( \large (35010) \times 4\) Hint: This answer doesn't make much sense. Try with a simpler example (e.g. 20 cm not 350 cm) to make sure that your logic makes sense. 
Question 22 
The following story situations model \( 12\div 3\):
I) Jack has 12 cookies, which he wants to share equally between himself and two friends. How many cookies does each person get?
II) Trent has 12 cookies, which he wants to put into bags of 3 cookies each. How many bags can he make?
III) Cicely has $12. Cookies cost $3 each. How many cookies can she buy?
Which of these questions illustrate the same model of division, either partitive (partioning) or measurement (quotative)?
I and II  
I and III  
II and IIIHint: Problem I is partitive (or partitioning or sharing)  we put 12 objects into 3 groups. Problems II and III are quotative (or measurement)  we put 12 objects in groups of 3.  
All three problems model the same meaning of division 
Question 23 
\( \large \dfrac{17}{24}\) Hint: You might try adding segments so each quadrant is divided into 6 pieces with equal area  there will be 24 regions, not all the same shape, but all the same area, with 17 of them shaded (for the top left quarter, you could also first change the diagonal line to a horizontal or vertical line that divides the square in two equal pieces and shade one) .  
\( \large \dfrac{3}{4}\) Hint: Be sure you're taking into account the different sizes of the pieces.  
\( \large \dfrac{2}{3}\) Hint: The bottom half of the picture is 2/3 shaded, and the top half is more than 2/3 shaded, so this answer is too small.  
\( \large \dfrac{17}{6} \) Hint: This answer is bigger than 1, so doesn't make any sense. Be sure you are using the whole picture, not one quadrant, as the unit. 
Question 24 
What is the perimeter of a right triangle with legs of lengths x and 2x?
\( \large 6x\) Hint: Use the Pythagorean Theorem.  
\( \large 3x+5{{x}^{2}}\) Hint: Don't forget to take square roots when you use the Pythagorean Theorem.  
\( \large 3x+\sqrt{5}{{x}^{2}}\) Hint: \(\sqrt {5 x^2}\) is not \(\sqrt {5}x^2\).  
\( \large 3x+\sqrt{5}{{x}^{{}}}\) Hint: To find the hypotenuse, h, use the Pythagorean Theorem: \(x^2+(2x)^2=h^2.\) \(5x^2=h^2,h=\sqrt{5}x\). The perimeter is this plus x plus 2x. 
Question 25 
How many factors does 80 have?
\( \large8\) Hint: Don't forget 1 and 80.  
\( \large9\) Hint: Only perfect squares have an odd number of factors  otherwise factors come in pairs.  
\( \large10\) Hint: 1,2,4,5,8,10,16,20,40,80  
\( \large12\) Hint: Did you count a number twice? Include a number that isn't a factor? 
Question 26 
Which of the following nets will not fold into a cube?
Hint: If you have trouble visualizing, cut them out and fold (during the test, you can tear paper to approximate).  
Hint: If you have trouble visualizing, cut them out and fold (during the test, you can tear paper to approximate).  
Hint: If you have trouble visualizing, cut them out and fold (during the test, you can tear paper to approximate). 
Question 27 
In March of 2012, 1 dollar was worth the same as 0.761 Euros, and 1 dollar was also worth the same as 83.03 Japanese Yen. Which of the expressions below gives the number of Yen that are worth 1 Euro?
\( \large {83}.0{3}\cdot 0.{761}\) Hint: This equation gives less than the number of yen per dollar, but 1 Euro is worth more than 1 dollar.  
\( \large \dfrac{0.{761}}{{83}.0{3}}\) Hint: Number is way too small.  
\( \large \dfrac{{83}.0{3}}{0.{761}}\) Hint: One strategy here is to use easier numbers, say 1 dollar = .5 Euros and 100 yen, then 1 Euro would be 200 Yen (change the numbers in the equations and see what works). Another is to use dimensional analysis: we want # yen per Euro, or yen/Euro = yen/dollar \(\times\) dollar/Euro = \(83.03 \times \dfrac {1}{0.761}\)  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{0.{761}}\cdot \dfrac{1}{{83}.0{3}}\) Hint: Number is way too small. 
Question 28 
Use the table below to answer the question that follows:
Gordon wants to buy three pounds of nuts. Each of the stores above ordinarily sells the nuts for $4.99 a pound, but is offering a discount this week. At which store can he buy the nuts for the least amount of money?
Store AHint: This would save about $2.50. You can quickly see that D saves more.  
Store BHint: This saves 15% and C saves 25%.  
Store C  
Store DHint: This is about 20% off, which is less of a discount than C. 
Question 29 
Which of the numbers below is not equivalent to 4%?
\( \large \dfrac{1}{25}\) Hint: 1/25=4/100, so this is equal to 4% (be sure you read the question correctly).  
\( \large \dfrac{4}{100}\) Hint: 4/100=4% (be sure you read the question correctly).  
\( \large 0.4\) Hint: 0.4=40% so this is not equal to 4%  
\( \large 0.04\) Hint: 0.04=4/100, so this is equal to 4% (be sure you read the question correctly). 
Question 30 
Here is a number trick:
1) Pick a whole number
2) Double your number.
3) Add 20 to the above result.
4) Multiply the above by 5
5) Subtract 100
6) Divide by 10
The result is always the number that you started with! Suppose you start by picking N. Which of the equations below best demonstrates that the result after Step 6 is also N?
\( \large N*2+20*5100\div 10=N\) Hint: Use parentheses or else order of operations is off.  
\( \large \left( \left( 2*N+20 \right)*5100 \right)\div 10=N\)  
\( \large \left( N+N+20 \right)*5100\div 10=N\) Hint: With this answer you would subtract 10, instead of subtracting 100 and then dividing by 10.  
\( \large \left( \left( \left( N\div 10 \right)100 \right)*5+20 \right)*2=N\) Hint: This answer is quite backwards. 
Question 31 
Which property is not shared by all rhombi?
4 congruent sidesHint: The most common definition of a rhombus is a quadrilateral with 4 congruent sides.  
A center of rotational symmetryHint: The diagonal of a rhombus separates it into two congruent isosceles triangles. The center of this line is a center of 180 degree rotational symmetry that switches the triangles.  
4 congruent anglesHint: Unless the rhombus is a square, it does not have 4 congruent angles.  
2 sets of parallel sidesHint: All rhombi are parallelograms. 
Question 32 
The speed of sound in dry air at 68 degrees F is 343.2 meters per second. Which of the expressions below could be used to compute the number of kilometers that a sound wave travels in 10 minutes (in dry air at 68 degrees F)?
\( \large 343.2\times 60\times 10\) Hint: In kilometers, not meters.  
\( \large 343.2\times 60\times 10\times \dfrac{1}{1000}\) Hint: Units are meters/sec \(\times\) seconds/minute \(\times\) minutes \(\times\) kilometers/meter, and the answer is in kilometers.  
\( \large 343.2\times \dfrac{1}{60}\times 10\) Hint: Include units and make sure answer is in kilometers.  
\( \large 343.2\times \dfrac{1}{60}\times 10\times \dfrac{1}{1000}\) Hint: Include units and make sure answer is in kilometers. 
Question 33 
What is the probability that two randomly selected people were born on the same day of the week? Assume that all days are equally probable.
\( \large \dfrac{1}{7}\) Hint: It doesn't matter what day the first person was born on. The probability that the second person will match is 1/7 (just designate one person the first and the other the second). Another way to look at it is that if you list the sample space of all possible pairs, e.g. (Wed, Sun), there are 49 such pairs, and 7 of them are repeats of the same day, and 7/49=1/7.  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{14}\) Hint: What would be the sample space here? Ie, how would you list 14 things that you pick one from?  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{42}\) Hint: If you wrote the seven days of the week on pieces of paper and put the papers in a jar, this would be the probability that the first person picked Sunday and the second picked Monday from the jar  not the same situation.  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{49}\) Hint: This is the probability that they are both born on a particular day, e.g. Sunday. 
Question 34 
Which of the following is not possible?
An equiangular triangle that is not equilateral.Hint: The AAA property of triangles states that all triangles with corresponding angles congruent are similar. Thus all triangles with three equal angles are similar, and are equilateral.  
An equiangular quadrilateral that is not equilateral.Hint: A rectangle is equiangular (all angles the same measure), but if it's not a square, it's not equilateral (all sides the same length).  
An equilateral quadrilateral that is not equiangular.Hint: This rhombus has equal sides, but it doesn't have equal angles:  
An equiangular hexagon that is not equilateral.Hint: This hexagon has equal angles, but it doesn't have equal sides: 
Question 35 
Which of the lists below contains only irrational numbers?
\( \large\pi , \quad \sqrt{6},\quad \sqrt{\dfrac{1}{2}}\)  
\( \large\pi , \quad \sqrt{9}, \quad \pi +1\) Hint: \( \sqrt{9}=3\)  
\( \large\dfrac{1}{3},\quad \dfrac{5}{4},\quad \dfrac{2}{9}\) Hint: These are all rational.  
\( \large3,\quad 14,\quad 0\) Hint: These are all rational. 
Question 36 
There are 15 students for every teacher. Let t represent the number of teachers and let s represent the number of students. Which of the following equations is correct?
\( \large t=s+15\) Hint: When there are 2 teachers, how many students should there be? Do those values satisfy this equation?  
\( \large s=t+15\) Hint: When there are 2 teachers, how many students should there be? Do those values satisfy this equation?  
\( \large t=15s\) Hint: This is a really easy mistake to make, which comes from transcribing directly from English, "1 teachers equals 15 students." To see that it's wrong, plug in s=2; do you really need 30 teachers for 2 students? To avoid this mistake, insert the word "number," "Number of teachers equals 15 times number of students" is more clearly problematic.  
\( \large s=15t\) 
Question 37 
A family has four children. What is the probability that two children are girls and two are boys? Assume the the probability of having a boy (or a girl) is 50%.
\( \large \dfrac{1}{2}\) Hint: How many different configurations are there from oldest to youngest, e.g. BGGG? How many of them have 2 boys and 2 girls?  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{4}\) Hint: How many different configurations are there from oldest to youngest, e.g. BGGG? How many of them have 2 boys and 2 girls?  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{5}\) Hint: Some configurations are more probable than others  i.e. it's more likely to have two boys and two girls than all boys. Be sure you are weighting properly.  
\( \large \dfrac{3}{8}\) Hint: There are two possibilities for each child, so there are \(2 \times 2 \times 2 \times 2 =16\) different configurations, e.g. from oldest to youngest BBBG, BGGB, GBBB, etc. Of these configurations, there are 6 with two boys and two girls (this is the combination \(_{4}C_{2}\) or "4 choose 2"): BBGG, BGBG, BGGB, GGBB, GBGB, and GBBG. Thus the probability is 6/16=3/8. 
Question 38 
Elena is going to use a calculator to check whether or not 267 is prime. She will pick certain divisors, and then find 267 divided by each, and see if she gets a whole number. If she never gets a whole number, then she€™s found a prime. Which numbers does Elena NEED to check before she can stop checking and be sure she has a prime?
All natural numbers from 2 to 266.Hint: She only needs to check primes  checking the prime factors of any composite is enough to look for divisors. As a test taking strategy, the other three choices involve primes, so worth thinking about.  
All primes from 2 to 266 .Hint: Remember, factors come in pairs (except for square root factors), so she would first find the smaller of the pair and wouldn't need to check the larger.  
All primes from 2 to 133 .Hint: She doesn't need to check this high. Factors come in pairs, and something over 100 is going to be paired with something less than 3, so she will find that earlier.  
All primes from \( \large 2\) to \( \large \sqrt{267}\).Hint: \(\sqrt{267} \times \sqrt{267}=267\). Any other pair of factors will have one factor less than \( \sqrt{267}\) and one greater, so she only needs to check up to \( \sqrt{267}\). 
Question 39 
The expression \( \large{{8}^{3}}\cdot {{2}^{10}}\) is equal to which of the following?
\( \large 2\) Hint: Write \(8^3\) as a power of 2.  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{2}\) Hint: \(8^3 \cdot {2}^{10}={(2^3)}^3 \cdot {2}^{10}\) =\(2^9 \cdot {2}^{10} =2^{1}\)  
\( \large 16\) Hint: Write \(8^3\) as a power of 2.  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{16}\) Hint: Write \(8^3\) as a power of 2. 
Question 40 
Use the graph below to answer the question that follows.
If the polygon shown above is reflected about the y axis and then rotated 90 degrees clockwise about the origin, which of the following graphs is the result?
Hint: Try following the point (1,4) to see where it goes after each transformation.  
Hint: Make sure you're reflecting in the correct axis.  
Hint: Make sure you're rotating the correct direction. 
Question 41 
The prime factorization of n can be written as n=pqr, where p, q, and r are distinct prime numbers. How many factors does n have, including 1 and itself?
\( \large3\) Hint: 1, p, q, r, and pqr are already 5, so this isn't enough. You might try plugging in p=2, q=3, and r=5 to help with this problem.  
\( \large5\) Hint: Don't forget pq, etc. You might try plugging in p=2, q=3, and r=5 to help with this problem.  
\( \large6\) Hint: You might try plugging in p=2, q=3, and r=5 to help with this problem.  
\( \large8\) Hint: 1, p, q, r, pq, pr, qr, pqr. 
Question 42 
Which of the numbers below is a fraction equivalent to \( 0.\bar{6}\)?
\( \large \dfrac{4}{6}\) Hint: \( 0.\bar{6}=\dfrac{2}{3}=\dfrac{4}{6}\)  
\( \large \dfrac{3}{5}\) Hint: This is equal to 0.6, without the repeating decimal. Answer is equivalent to choice c, which is another way to tell that it's wrong.  
\( \large \dfrac{6}{10}\) Hint: This is equal to 0.6, without the repeating decimal. Answer is equivalent to choice b, which is another way to tell that it's wrong.  
\( \large \dfrac{1}{6}\) Hint: This is less than a half, and \( 0.\bar{6}\) is greater than a half. 
Question 43 
Which of the following is equivalent to
\( \large AB+C\div D\times E\)?
\( \large AB\dfrac{C}{DE}
\) Hint: In the order of operations, multiplication and division have the same priority, so do them left to right; same with addition and subtraction.  
\( \large AB+\dfrac{CE}{D}\) Hint: In practice, you're better off using parentheses than writing an expression like the one in the question. The PEMDAS acronym that many people memorize is misleading. Multiplication and division have equal priority and are done left to right. They have higher priority than addition and subtraction. Addition and subtraction also have equal priority and are done left to right.  
\( \large \dfrac{AEBE+CE}{D}\) Hint: Use order of operations, don't just compute left to right.  
\( \large AB+\dfrac{C}{DE}\) Hint: In the order of operations, multiplication and division have the same priority, so do them left to right 
Question 44 
Below is a pictorial representation of \(2\dfrac{1}{2}\div \dfrac{2}{3}\):
Which of the following is the best description of how to find the quotient from the picture?
The quotient is \(3\dfrac{3}{4}\). There are 3 whole blocks each representing \(\dfrac{2}{3}\) and a partial block composed of 3 small rectangles. The 3 small rectangles represent \(\dfrac{3}{4}\) of \(\dfrac{2}{3}\).  
The quotient is \(3\dfrac{1}{2}\). There are 3 whole blocks each representing \(\dfrac{2}{3}\) and a partial block composed of 3 small rectangles. The 3 small rectangles represent \(\dfrac{3}{6}\) of a whole, or \(\dfrac{1}{2}\).Hint: We are counting how many 2/3's are in 2 1/2: the unit becomes 2/3, not 1.  
The quotient is \(\dfrac{4}{15}\). There are four whole blocks separated into a total of 15 small rectangles.Hint: This explanation doesn't make much sense. Probably you are doing "invert and multiply," but inverting the wrong thing.  
This picture cannot be used to find the quotient because it does not show how to separate \(2\dfrac{1}{2}\) into equal sized groups.Hint: Study the measurement/quotative model of division. It's often very useful with fractions. 
Question 45 
Use the expression below to answer the question that follows:
\( \large \dfrac{\left( 7,154 \right)\times \left( 896 \right)}{216}\)
Which of the following is the best estimate of the expression above?
2,000Hint: The answer is bigger than 7,000.  
20,000Hint: Estimate 896/216 first.  
3,000Hint: The answer is bigger than 7,000.  
30,000Hint: \( \dfrac{896}{216} \approx 4\) and \(7154 \times 4\) is over 28,000, so this answer is closest. 
List 
If you found a mistake or have comments on a particular question, please contact me (please copy and paste at least part of the question into the form, as the numbers change depending on how quizzes are displayed). General comments can be left here.